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Europe and North America Regional GCED Network Research Report
  • 11-05
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The Asia-Pacific Centre of Education for International Understanding (APCEIU), Ban Ki-moon Centre for Global Citizens (BKMC), Centre for Global Citizenship Education and Research, University of Alberta (CGCER), and International Research Centre on Global Citizenship Education, University of Bologna (IRC-GloCEd) are proud to publish 'Europe and North America Regional GCED Network Research Report'.

The report is based on the research was led by Lynette Shultz (Centre for Global Citizenship Education and Research, University of Alberta) and Massimiliano Tarozzi (International Research Centre on Global Citizenship Education, University of Bologna) as Principal Investigators. The research team was composed of Carrie Karsgaard and Carla Inguaggiato, with the support of and Francis Owusu.

This research assessed the interaction among key stakeholders in implementing GCED within Europe and North America. The analysis within this report also includes insights regarding how the network can be utilized to enhance GCED implementation.

Chapter 1, Exploring Global Citizenship Education (GCED) Through Social Network Analysis (SNA), reviews relevant literature in GCED and presents three categories of GCED definitions – neoliberal, liberal and critical.

Chapter 2, Research Design and Methodological Procedures, provides an introduction to the research design and methodological procedures: SNA and digital methods.

Chapter 3, Social Network Analysis Results, presents the main results of the SNA study, describing global and local patterns of the networks and the main characteristics of the sample, as well as GCED conceptualizations concerning participant organizations.

Chapter 4, GCED Crawling Across EUNA, explores networked relationships using data available on organizational websites and Twitter. 

The conclusion summarises findings and a set of recommendations that will inform the work of global citizenship education policy, educational practices in formal and non-formal education organizations, and further research.

 

 

Table of Contents

List of acronyms

Executive Summary

  • Studying GCED as a Social Network
  • Overview of Methodology
  • Social network analysis of GCED actors
  • Digital Networks of GCED actors
  • Relevance and Recommendations

Introduction

  • About Studying Networks
  • References

Exploring Global Citizenship Education (GCED) Through Social Network Analysis (SNA)

  • Defining GCED
  • Mapping GCED definitions
  • Studying GCED as a Networked Sector
  • Research Questions
  • Conclusion
  • References

Research design and methodological procedures

  • A relational approach to GCED Europe and North America network
  • Methodology Overview
  • Social network analysis as a methodological approach to study relations
  • Digital methods
  • Procedures for data collection
  • Social networks data analysis
  • Methodological limitations
  • Concluding remarks
  • References

Social network analysis results

  • Organizations interviewed
  • Network patterns and organizations' characteristics
  • Comparing the three networks' overall characteristics
  • Qualitative Analysis of GCED Conceptual Communities
  • Concluding remarks
  • References

GCED Crawling Across EUNA

  • Overview
  • Hyperlink analysis
  • Twitter analysis
  • Findings
  • Conclusion and further questions
  • References

Conclusion

Appendices

  • Appendix A: List of Organizations and Short Names
  • Appendix B: Twitter Handles and Count of Tweets
  • Appendix C: Questionnaire
  • Appendix D: Question 14 Answers
  • Appendix E: Vademecum